What Is Gout
Gout is a type of arthritis that causes sudden and severe joint pain, often in the foot or ankle. It is caused by a buildup of uric acid in the body, which can crystallize and form urate crystals in the joints. These crystals can be very painful and can cause inflammation and swelling.
Gout can be a chronic condition, meaning it can come and go over time. It is more common in men, but women can also get gout, particularly after menopause. Gout is also more common in people who are overweight, drink a lot of alcohol, or have high blood pressure or diabetes.
Symptoms of Gout
The main symptom of gout is sudden and severe joint pain, often in the foot or ankle. The affected joint may be red, swollen, and tender to the touch. Gout attacks can also cause fever and chills.
Gout attacks can come on suddenly and can last for a few days to a few weeks. They may be triggered by certain factors, such as alcohol consumption, high-purine foods, or trauma to the joint.
Diagnosis of Gout
If you think you may have gout, it is important to see a doctor for a proper diagnosis. Your doctor will ask about your medical history and perform a physical examination. They may also take a sample of fluid from the affected joint and test it for urate crystals.
Treatment of Gout
Treatment for gout may include medications to reduce inflammation and pain, as well as lifestyle changes to lower uric acid levels in the body. These may include:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce inflammation and pain
- Colchicine to reduce inflammation and prevent future gout attacks
- Corticosteroids to reduce inflammation
- Allopurinol to lower uric acid levels in the body
In addition to medications, your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes to help manage gout. This may include:
- Limiting or avoiding alcohol and high-purine foods
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Drinking plenty of water to help flush uric acid out of the body
- Exercising regularly
There are several steps you can take to help prevent gout attacks:
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Limit alcohol consumption
- Avoid high-purine foods, such as organ meats, anchovies, and gravy
- Drink plenty of water to help flush uric acid out of the body
- Take medications as prescribed by your doctor
Gout can be a painful and disruptive condition, but with proper treatment and lifestyle changes, it can be managed effectively. If you think you may have gout, it is important to see a doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.